Michigan Racial Profiling Laws
Title 42, U.S.C., Section 14141
Pattern and Practice
This civil statute was a provision within the Crime Control Act of 1994 and makes it unlawful for any governmental authority, or agent thereof, or any person acting on behalf of a governmental authority, to engage in a pattern or practice of conduct by law enforcement officers or by officials or employees of any governmental agency with responsibility for the administration of juvenile justice or the incarceration of juveniles that deprives persons of rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution or laws of the United States.
Whenever the Attorney General has reasonable cause to believe that a violation has occurred, the Attorney General, for or in the name of the United States, may in a civil action obtain appropriate equitable and declaratory relief to eliminate the pattern or practice.
Types of misconduct covered include, among other things:
- Excessive Force
- Discriminatory Harassment
- False Arrest
- Coercive Sexual Conduct
- Unlawful Stops, Searches, or Arrests
MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 300 of 1949
257.750 Issuance of citations; number as factor in evaluation of police officer’s performance; applicability of § 257.901; fees prohibited; violation of § 257.749 as misconduct in office; removal.
(1) A police officer shall not be required to issue a certain number of citations for violations of this act or of local ordinances substantially corresponding to provisions of this act, including parking or standing violations, unless the issuance of citations is a part of a police officer’s performance evaluation system and the issuance of citations is not given any greater consideration than any other factor in the evaluation of a police officer’s performance. In the absence of a police officer’s performance evaluation system, the issuance of citations shall not be given any greater consideration than any other factor in the evaluation of a police officer’s performance. Section 901 does not apply to a violation of this subsection.
(2) A police officer shall not be entitled to any fees for issuing a citation. A police officer, judge, district court magistrate, or other person employed by the state or by a local governmental unit who violates section 749 or this subsection is guilty of misconduct in office and subject to removal from office.